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Dictionary of Vexillology: R (Remembrance Flag - Riverwheel)

Last modified: 2015-05-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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REMEMBRANCE FLAG
See ‘memorial flag 2)’.

9/11 flag
9/11 Remembrance/Memorial Flag, US (Dave Martucci)


REPEATER (or REPEATER PENNANT)
See ‘substitute’.

ICS flag ICS flag ICS flag ICS flag
B-E-L-L (Bravo-Echo-Lima-Lima) in The ICS using the Third Repeater/Substitute Pennant


REPEATING FRIGATES
The 18th/19th Century term, now obsolete, for those frigates that were stationed outside or behind the main line in a fleet of sailing or steam-assisted warships in order to relay flag signals to ships out of view of the flagship (see also ‘flagship’, ‘man-o-war’ and ‘signal flag’).

frigate
Please note that in the context of the above definition a frigate was a naval vessel which carried her main armament of 28 – 50 long-guns on a single, part-enclosed deck.


REPLICA FLAG (or REPRODUCTION)
A term which may be used to describe that flag which is a visual or actual reproduction of an earlier design – a reproduction (see also ‘fictitious flag’ and ‘flag of pretence 1)’).

replica flag replica flag
A rejected design of 1919 (for a Flag of the RAF) flown as a Replica in 2010; Reproduction of the Standard of Constantine the Great c323 (fotw) (fotw)


RESERVE ENSIGN
See under ‘ensign’.

British reserve ensign ensign ensign
Reserve Ensign of the UK (fotw); Reserve Ensign of Sri Lanka (fotw); Reserve Ensign of The Bahamas (fotw)


RESPECTANT
See ‘appendix V

ensign
Arms of Michigan, US (ICH)


RETREAT CEREMONY
In military usage, a formal ceremony requiring a full guard and band for lowering the national flag at the end of the day on special occasions (see also ‘reveille’ and ‘sunset’).

Please note that this ceremony has its roots in late Medieval and early Renaissance period with the formal ceremonies associated with closing the gates of fortresses and castles for the night.


REVEILLE
In UK, US and some other military usage, the ceremony of hoisting the national flag at the start of a day and taken from the name of the bugle call sounded to awaken the troops (see also 'colours 5)' and 'retreat ceremony').

REVERSE
The less important side of a flag that is generally, but not invariably, a mirror image of the obverse. A distinctive reverse design or charge will usually only be found on unique flags, ceremonial flags, regimental colours and similar, there are however, occasional exceptions - see 'double-sided 1)' and 'two-sided 1)'.(also ‘ceremonial flag 1)’. ‘colour 2)’, ‘obverse’, ‘right hoisted’, and ‘unique flag’).

Portugal reverse Maldives reverse St. Kitts & Nevis reverse
Reverse of the National Flag of Portugal (fotw); Reverse of the National Flag of The Maldives (fotw); Reverse of the National Flag of St Kitts and Nevis (fotw)


REVERSE BEND
See ‘bend sinister’

reverse bend
Flag of Monfarracinos, Spain (fotw)


REVERSED
1) On flags, the term is used to refer to a charge or charges that run in the opposite direction to that in which they are normally placed (see also ‘reversed chevron’, ‘reversed pall’, ‘reversed pile’ and ‘reversed triangle’).
2) In heraldry, as above but the term is also used when arms or a charge are reversed or turned downward – debased, everted, inverted, subverted, subvertant or transposed.

reversed example


REVERSED CHEVRON
See ‘chevron 1)’ and ‘chevron 2)’.

Birżebbuġa, Malta
Flag of Birżebbuġa, Malta (fotw)


REVERSED PALL
See 'pall 1)'.

[reversed pall]
Flag of Krasnoarmeyskiy, Russia (fotw)


REVERSED PILE
See ‘pile 1)’.

[reveresed pile]
Flag of Paszowice, Poland (fotw)


REVERSED TRIANGLE
See ‘triangle’.

reversed triangle
Flag of Łomża rural district, Poland


RHOMBUS
See ‘lozenge 1)’.

rhombus


RIBBON
1) See ‘scroll’ (also ‘ribbon scroll 2)’).
2) See ‘cravat 2)’ and ‘draping’.
3) A term that is also (and inaccurately) used to describe a wavy stripe – see ‘wavy’.

RIBBON SCROLL
1) Generically, see ‘scroll’.
2) Specifically, the term used for a narrow ribbon in the form of a scroll but of greater length than is usual); it is normally (but not exclusively) placed below and/or around the shield in a set of armorial bearings or an emblem, and is generally inscribed with a motto – a ribbon – for example, those on the flags of the US states of Iowa and of Massachusetts (see also ‘scroll’).

Iowa Massachusetts Dorog
Flag of the State of Iowa, US; Flag of the State of Massachusetts, US (fotw); Flag of Dorog, Hungary (Zoltan Horvath)


RIGHT DIAGONAL (or RIGHT DIAGONAL BAR)
See ‘bend’ and ‘descending diagonal 1)’.

right-diagonal right-diagonal
Flag and Arms of Waaxens, The Netherlands (fotw)


RIGHT-HOISTED
A term that may be used (in place of its heraldic equivalent) when the obverse of a flag is depicted (or is manufactured) with its hoist to the observer’s right in accordance with Arabic tradition – but see ‘sinister hoist’ and the note below (also ‘hoist 1)’, ‘obverse’ and ‘reverse’).

right-hoisted
National Flag of Qatar (fotw)

Please note that the Editors recommend use of the heraldic term as being more accurate and will avoid any potential confusion.


RIKSBANNER (or RIJKSVAANDEL)
See ‘coronation flags’.

Riksbanner
Riksbanner/coronation Flag, Norway 1906 (Official Website)


RING
1) On flags a charge in the form of a narrow circular band typically (but by no means exclusively) used to separate a sun’s central disc from its rays, as in the flags of Macedonia and Taiwan - a torus or disc/disk voided (see also ‘disc’ and ‘cartouche’).
2) In heraldry see ‘annulet’.
3) A piece of wood or metal for attaching a windsock to its pole and for keeping it open (see also ‘windsock’).
4) See ‘battalion ring’ and ‘battle honour’.
5) One of a number of circular metal bands used as an increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete method of attaching a military colour, parade flag or gonfalon to its staff - see ‘colour 2)’, ‘parade flag 2)’ with its following notes and ‘gonfalon 2)’ (also ‘loops’ and ‘ties’).

ring Taiwan naval ensign Macon, France Macedonia Kurdish workers party
Ring; Naval Jack of Taiwan (fotw); Flag of Mâcon, France (fotw); National Flag of Macedonia (fotw); Flag of the Kurdish Workers Party, Turkey (fotw)


RISING
See ‘appendix V’.

[rising example]  [rising example]
Arms and Flag of Złocieniec, Poland (fotw)


RISING DIAGONAL
See ‘ascending diagonal’.

[rising diagonal example]
Flag of Franekeradeel, Netherlands (fotw)


RIVERWHEEL (or RIVERMILL WHEEL)
See ‘waterwheel’.

[Fafe, Portugal] [Fafe, Portugal]
Flag of Fafe, Portugal (fotw)


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