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Dictionary of Vexillology: F (FNFL Jack - Fylfot)

Last modified: 2014-05-10 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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FNFL JACK
See ‘jack of honour’.

FNFL flag, FR
Jack of the FNFL (Forces Navales Franηaises Libres), France (fotw)


FOLK FLAG
A homemade national flag of simplified design (see also ‘unofficial flag’).

FOLKLORE ORNAMENT
A decorative band usually placed along the hoist of a flag, and intended to represent an element of cultural identity – but see ‘national ornament’.

Mulgi people
Flag of the Mulgi people, Estonia (Zoltan Horvath)

Please note that this not an established term, but has been introduced by the Editors since no established alternative could be found.


FOOTBALL FLAG
See ‘sports flag’.

Royal Belgian Football Association Royal Belgian Football Association
Flag of the Royal Belgian Football Association (fotw); Flag of the Gibraltar Football Association (Zoltan Horvath)


FORCENΙ
See ‘appendix V’.

Lačnov, Czech Rep.
Flag of Lačnov, Czech Republic (fotw)


FORE, AT THE
(adv) When a flag is flown at the truck on the foremast of a ship it is described as being ‘at the fore’, and a command flag of a vice-admiral was formerly flown in this position (see also ‘flag of command’, ‘flagship’, ‘foremast’, ‘mast’, ‘masthead’ and ‘truck’).

FOREMAST (or FORE)
The forward vertical mast in a three or four masted sailing ship or the forward mast of a motor vessel regardless of the number of masts (see also ‘main’, ‘mast’ and ‘mizzen’).
FORK(ED)-TAIL (or FORK-TAILED)
See ‘swallow-tail(ed)’.

Fork-tail flag
Flag of Galanta, Slovakia (fotw)


FORKED ENSIGN
See ‘swallowtail(ed)’.

Forked ensign
State Ensign of Lower Saxony, Germany (fotw)


FORMΙE (FORMΙ or FORMY) CROSS
See ‘Cross Pattιe’ in ‘Appendix VIII:’.

Formée flag
Flag of Vilamacolum, Spain (fotw)


FORTRESS FLAG
The term for a flag, now obsolete, that was flown over military defences (either inland or coastal). In British and Russian usage this was the naval jack, whilst in others the war flag/naval ensign or the state/national flag (or a variant thereof) might be employed.
1) some countries use/used ensigns of special design to denote ships belonging to naval fortresses (notably Soviet Union)
2) some countries have/had sets of rank flags to denote presence of officers of particular rank/position in coastal artillery and fortresses.

Union Jack (UK) - 1801 Jack and Fortress flag of USSR, 1924 War Flag and Naval Ensign of Germany, 1903-1919 Spain - Coastal Fortresses and Naval Buildings, 1785
1801 Pattern of Union Jack, UK (Graham Bartram); Jack/Fortress Flag, Soviet Union 1924 – 1932 (fotw); War Flag/Naval Ensign, Germany 1903 - 1919 (fotw); Flag of Coastal Fortresses and Naval Buildings, Spain 1793 (fotw)


FOULED ANCHOR (or FOUL ANCHOR)
In United Kingdom usage and some others, the term for an anchor entangled with its cable - but see ‘cabled’ (also ‘admiralty flag’ and ‘anchor flag’).

Navy Board - UK Naval Board - Canada Chief of Naval Board - Australia
Flag of the Admiralty Board, UK (fotw); Flag of the Navy Board, Canada (fotw); Flag of the Chief of the Navy Board, Australia (fotw)

Please note that in UK usage the fouled (or foul) anchor is considered a symbol of the Royal Navy, and that officers of the British merchant marine show an anchor (of a slightly differing pattern) without its cable on their cap badges and buttons.


FOUNTAIN FILL
See ‘gradient fill’.

[Gradient fill example]
Flag of the Christlich-Soziale Union, Bavaria, Germany (fotw)


FOURRANGÈRE
See ‘lanyard 1)’ (also ‘lanyard pennant’).

[fourangère]
(marlow white)


FOUR COLOUR PRINTING SYSTEM
See ‘CMYK’.

FOUR FREEDOMS FLAG
See ‘honour flag 1)’.

Four Freedoms flag
A Four Freedoms/Honor Flag


FOURTH CANTON (or QUARTER)
A term for that quarter of a flag which occupies the lower fly - the fourth quarter, lower fly or lower fly canton – see ‘canton 3)’ (also ‘hoist 1)’).

[First canton]


FRACTED
A heraldic term used when an ordinary, such as a bar, fess or chevron, is broken in one or more places (see also ‘ordinary’).

Braunwald, Switzerland Leuggelbach, Switzerland Markvartice, Czech Republic Markvartice, Czech Republic
Flag of Braunwald, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Leuggelbach, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Markvartice, Czech Republic (fotw)


FRAME
1) The wood or metal bar by which the top edge of a flag is held – but see ‘framed flag 1)’ below (also ‘cross bar’).
2) In largely (but increasingly obsolete) maritime usage, this term may also describe the rod (attached to a ship’s mast or yard by lines) that is inserted into the heading of a streamer or pennant in order to stiffen it at the hoist – but see ‘headstick’ (also ‘command pennant’ with following notes, ‘distinguishing vane’, ‘pennant 2)’, ‘streamer 2)’ and ‘vane 1)’).

frame example


FRAMED FLAG
1) A flag that is designed to be attached both along its hoist to the staff, and along its top to a side-mounted cross-bar sometimes called a gonfalon (see also ‘cross bar’), ‘frame’ above and ‘staff 2)’.
2) See ‘outrigger flag’.

[framed flags] [framed flags] [framed flags]
From left: Flag of Hirnyk, Ukraine; Flag of Guta, Ukraine (Dov Gutterman); Flag of Andrushivka, Ukraine (fotw)


FRAMED WIMPEL(S)
See ‘flόger’).

[framed wimpel]
Framed Wimpel/Flόger of the Hamburg Customs Flag (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


FRANKLIN FLAG
An early (unofficial but used and with a variation in the order of the stripe’s colours - quite widely reproduced) pattern of the stars and stripes; it was first detailed by Benjamin Franklin whilst ambassador to Paris, flown in European waters by John Paul Jones and aboard the captured HMS Serapis, and was one of the first versions to gain international recognition – the Serapis flag (see also ‘Betsy Ross flag’, ‘continental colours’, ‘eagle standard’, ‘great star flags’, ‘old glory’, ‘star-spangled banner’ and ‘stars and stripes’).

[Serapis flag]
The Franklin Pattern of Stars and Stripes, 1778 (fotw)


FRENCH SHIELD
The term, and a literal translation of Franzφsischer Schild, sometimes used in German language vexillology to describe a rectangular shield – see ‘rectangular shield’.

[French shield]
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.


FRETTED
See ‘interlaced’.

[Sveta Nedelja, Croatia] [Sveta Nedelja, Croatia]
Flag and Arms of Sveta Nedelja, Croatia (Željko Heimer)


FRETTY (FRETE or FRETTΙ)
The heraldic term for a pattern of interlaced bars forming a (usually) diagonal trellis either overlapped or joined together (see also ‘interlaced’).

Kojetνn, Czech Republic Flag - Prostμjov, Czech Republic Arms - Prostějov, Czech Republic Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland
Flag of Kojetνn, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag and Arms of Prostějov, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland (fotw)


FRINGE
A decoration of twisted thread and/or metal often (but not invariably) attached to edges of a military colour, or of a flag intended for ceremonial and/or indoor use (see also ‘colour 2)’, ‘cravat’, ‘indoor flag’ and ‘parade flag’).

fringed flag  fringed flag
Indoor/Parade Flag of Shiga Prefecture Police, Japan (Nozomi Kariyasu); Indoor/Parade Flag of the Navy, US (fotw)


FRUCTED (or FRUITED)
The heraldic term for when a tree or branch is bearing fruit, generally shown in another tincture (see also ‘leaved’ and ‘tincture’)

Bormla, Malta Wileroltigen, Switzerland Runovinci, Croatia Hφngg, Switzerland
Flag of Bormla, Malta (fotw); Flag of Wileroltigen, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Runovinci, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Hφngg, Switzerland (fotw)


FULL ACHIEVEMENT OF ARMS
See 'achievement of arms' and 'armorial bearings’.

[Churchill arms]
The Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)


FULL DRESSING
1) See ‘dress ship, to 1)’ and ‘dress ship, to 4)’.
2) See ‘dressing overall 2)’ and ‘dressing overall 3)’. .

FULL MAST (or FULL STAFF) A FLAG
(v & adj) To fly a flag in its normal position right up to the truck, a term generally used after a flag has spent a mourning period at half mast (see also ‘flag pole’, ‘half mast’ and ‘truck’).

FULL MOON
See ‘disk’, ‘moon 2)’ with following note and ‘per complement 2)’.

[Shan State, Myanmar]
Flag of Shan, Myanmar (fotw)


FUNERAL ACHIEVEMENT
See ‘achievement of arms 2)’.

[Churchill arms]
Funeral Achievement/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)


FUNERAL FLAGS (or PENNANTS)
1) Flags or pennants flown from the cars in a funeral cortege or procession, in order to facilitate keeping that cortege together and to help other drivers avoid breaking into it, not to be confused with a pall flag or with mourning flags (see also ‘car flag’, ‘mourning flag’ and ‘pall flag’, together with ‘badge banner’, ‘bannerole’, ‘great banner’, ‘grumphion’ and ‘livery banner’).
2) The term may also be used to describe those flags – often draped with a mourning ribbon – that are carried in a funeral cortege (see also ‘draping’, ‘cravat 2)’ and ‘mourning ribbon’).
FURL(ED)
1) (v) To wind (roll up) a colour or parade flag around its staff before it is cased – usually done with ceremony (see also ‘unfurl’(ed), ‘case’(d), ‘uncase’(d), ‘colour (2)’ and ‘parade flag’ 2)).
2) (adj) A flag is considered furled when hoisted in a rolled and/or folded condition prior to being broken out at the truck – see ‘break a flag’ (also ‘truck’).

FURS
See ‘ermine’, ‘potent’, ‘vair’ and Appendix III.

[fur example] [fur example] [fur example]
From left: Ermine, Potent and Vair.


FUSELAGE MARKING
1) The term sometimes used to describe a non-circular emblem of nationality employed by some nations in the same way and for the same purpose as a roundel – but see the note below, ‘roundel 1)’ and ‘wing marking(s) 1)’ (also ‘balkenkreuz’, ‘fin flash’, ‘iron cross’ and ‘aircraft marking(s)’).
2) See ‘roundel 1)’.

Fuselage marking, Philippines Fuselage marking, Botswana Fuselage marking, Chile
Fuselage/Wing Marking of The Philippines (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of Botswana (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of Chile (fotw)

Notes
a)
The term “fuselage” only refers to the body of an aircraft and to those markings that appear thereon, so when these same emblems appear on the wings of an aircraft they are properly called “wing markings”.
b) In some types of aircraft the description “ fuselage” can (technically speaking) include their tail plane/fin, but that the term given above should never be used to describe any markings shown thereon – see ‘
fin flash’.


FUSIL
The heraldic term for an elongated lozenge - see ‘lozenge 2)’ (also ‘square lozenge’).

fusil
FUSILLY
See ‘lozengy’.

fusilly
Flag of Balenyΰ, Spain (fotw)


FUSILLY BENDY (or BENDY SINISTER)
See ‘lozengy bendy’.

FYLFOT
See ‘swastika’.

fylfot
Flag of the Canadian Nazi Party 1933 – 1938 (fotw)


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