- A term sometimes used in continental heraldry in place of its English
heraldic equivalents of habited, habillι or vested see
Flag of Mόnchwilen, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Delnice, Croatia (fotw)
- CLAN STANDARD
- A term sometimes (inaccurately) used to describe the heraldic standard of a
Scottish Laird or clan chief see
great standard and
Standard of the Laird of Clan McDonald of McDonald (The Flag Center)
- See ‘bar 3)’.
- CLASS FLAG
- In British RAF usage, the alternative name for a rank flag – see
‘rank flag 1)’
From the left: RAF - Air Chief Marshal, Air Marshal. Air Vice-Marshall, Air Commodore (fotw)
- See ‘armed 2’.
Flag and Arms of Bezverov, Czech Republic (fotw)
- A metal fitting with two arms, which is attached to the lower part of a flagpole
or mast for securing the halyard (see also
‘flag pole’ and
- A term for the lower fly corner or both lower corners of a flag – particularly
(but not exclusively) a religious/processional banner or similar – to which a line
or lines are attached so as to prevent unwanted movement - particularly in windy
conditions (see also ‘banner 3)’ and
- See Inglefield clip
- CLIP AND GROMMET
- An efficient method of hoisting a flag much favoured in the US, whereby clips attached to
the halyard are slipped into grommets on the flag see
grommet 1) and
Inglefield clip (also
appendix I and
running eye and toggle).
- CLOSED SLEEVE
- A technical term for the sleeve of a flag (usually a parade flag) which is closed at its upper end
so that the staff (when inserted) does not project above the top of that flag (see also
‘staff 2)’ and
- CLOSE UP (or CLOSED UP)
- (adj) The naval term for when a flag or pennant is hoisted right up to the truck
(see also also ‘code pennant’,
‘dip, at the’ and
- See clad,
Flag and Arms of Bloke, Slovenia (fotw))
- CLOVEN BULLNOSE
- See ‘double tailed descate’.
- CLOVEN DESCATE
- See ‘descate’.
Guidon of the Metropolitan Police Mounted Branch, UK (fotw)
- See ‘trefoil’.
National flag of
- CLOVERSTEM(S) (or CLOVER STEM)
- The term – and a direct translation of kleestengeln or kleestengel – for a charge largely
(but not exclusively) used on heraldic birds (especially eagles in European heraldry) which
may be described as a crescent-like shape (usually but not invariably) ornamented with
trefoil/clover leaf elements either at one or both ends and/or in the middle, and sometimes
visible only on the wings – kleestengeln or kleestengel (see also
‘crescent 2)’ and
State Flag Prussia 1892 – 1918 (fotw);
Arms of Brandenburg, Germany (fotw); Flag of
Bať, Czech Republic (fotw);
Flag of Broteslavy, Czech Republic (fotw); Greater Arms of the Czech Republic (fotw)
- CLUB PENNANT
- A small triangular flag designed to be hung vertically usually charged with
the emblem and livery colours of a sporting club a vertical pennant (see also
’pennant 2’ and
Pennants of the Deutscher Ruder Sport Verband, and of the Hamburger Motorboot Verband, Germany (Klaus-Michael Sneider)
- The Initials for Cyan, Yellow, Magenta and Black, being the four primary shades
used in the print process to create any colour, and an abbreviation for the four-colour
printing system (see also ‘cable number’,
‘British colour code’,
‘Pantone Matching System’ and
‘International Colour Code’).
- COACHWHIP PENNANT
- See ‘masthead pennant 2)’ and
‘whip pennant 2)’).
Coachwhip/Masthead Pennant, Italy (fotw)
- A heraldic term that refers to each individual section or quartering on a
shield or banner of arms arms see 'coat of arms 2)' (also 'banner of arms',
- COAT OF ARMS (or COA)
- 1) On flags and generically, the heraldic insignia of an individual or family,
or of a corporate institution such as a nation, province or municipality, or of
a commercial enterprise. In general terms the coat of arms can contain all the
elements that make up a full set of armorial bearings - but see 2) below (also
‘middle arms’ and
‘state arms 1)’
- 2) In heraldry, as above but the term only refers to the shield from a full
set of armorial bearings – an escutcheon (see also
'banner of arms', and
Coats of Arms of Dubrovnik-Neretva,
Koprivnica-Krievci, Osijek-Baranja and
Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Croatia (fotw)
a) A full set of armorial bearings
can include (for example) shield, supporters, helmet, torse, crest, mantling,
compartment, motto, collar etc., and whilst many of the terms used are illustrated
in Appendix IV and/or briefly defined herein, it is
suggested that a suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted for full details.
b) The emblems of some countries
such as those of Mexico or Italy – whilst conforming to the definition of that
term as detailed herein – are officially described as “coats of arms” (see also
- 1) A rosette or bow, generally in national or livery colours, and sometimes
used to decorate a staff below the finial (see also ‘cravat 1)’,
- 2) A rosette or bow formerly worn by both military personnel and civilians
(largely on the hat or shako) to indicate patriotic or political loyalties and
still sometimes seen – the cockade was the precursor of many national flags (those
of Argentina and France being two examples).
- 3) See ‘roundel 1)’.
The National cockades of Colombia and Peru (fotw); Cockade of Cartagena State, Columbia c1812 (fotw)
- CODE PENNANT
- A tapered, square-ended pennant (or trapezoid) used in the International
Code of Signal Flags to indicate a decimal point, but more importantly that a
message has been seen by the intended recipient when hoisted at the dip, and/or
that it has been received and understood when closed up – the answering pennant
(see also ‘close up’,
‘dip, at the’,
‘International Code of Signal Flags’,
‘pendant coupee’ and
‘signal flag’ and
Please note that this pennant is also included in the NATO Code of Signals, but (as
opposed to the meanings given above) is raised at the start of a signal hoist to
indicate that any following message must be read using the International Code.
Code pennant (fotw)
- 1) 1) See cog-wheel.
2) A type of single-masted, medieval trading vessel (usually shown with fore and aft
castles as equipped for war) – but see ‘lymphad’ and its following note.
Ensign of the Royal Lymington Yacht Club, UK (Graham Bartram)
Please note with regard to 2) that the terms cog and nef both refer to a single-masted
vessel and are generally considered interchangeable, however, strictly speaking the earlier cog was
steered by a long oar, whereas the later nef had a stern mounted rudder.
- COG-WHEEL (COG WHEEL or COGWHEEL)
- A toothed wheel used in mechanical engineering to transmit power, and
usually symbolic of industry or industrial workers a toothed or gear-wheel - but see ‘waterwheel’.
Flag of Courchapoix, Switzerland (fotw); National Flag of
Angola (fotw); Flag of Le Sentier, Switzerland (fotw)
- 1) In flags a medieval term, now obsolete, for a lance pennon - see
‘lance pennon 1)’.
- 2) In heraldry as above but the term can include everything by which an
armigerous person is known (see also