- The medieval term, now obsolete, for a person who is entitled to carry his
banner erect on the Kings highway.
This word is recorded as having a Spanish origin (which
remains unproven) however, the extent to which it was used in English medieval
manuscripts is not known.
- ALFERES (or ALFEROUS)
- A late 17th early 18th Century term, now obsolete, for a
a) It is suggested that the alternative form was sometimes used in
b) There is a possible relationship between this term and the
Spanish military rank of alférez or ensign (see also
- ALLEGORY (or ALLEGORICAL)
- The term for a pictorial illustration with a symbolic meaning, and
whose imagery is usually intended to convey a moral and/or political message (see also
Flag and Seal of the State of Virginia,
US (fotw and state symbols);
Jack and Command Flag of the Batavian Republic 1797, The Netherlands (fotw)
- ALL-SEEING EYE OF GOD
- See Eye of God.
Flag of Goppisberg Switzerland (fotw)
- ALLUSIVE ARMS
- See canting.
Flag and Arms of Magdeburg (or Maiden-Town), Germany (fotw)
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for the upper part of the cart upon which the
standard was placed (see also carrocium,
- ALTERNATIVE (or ALTERNATE) FLAG/ENSIGN
- The term used to describe any flag or ensign (either official or unofficial) being presented
as an alternative to that which is generally accepted (or officially established) for a particular role.
National Flag/Civil Ensign as regulated, and Alternative Civil Ensign of the
United Arab Emirates
(fotw); National Flag/Civil Ensign as regulated, and Alternative Civil Ensign of
- AMALGAM (or AMALGAM LANGUAGE) FLAGS
- See linguistic flags
(also combined flag).
Amalgam Language Flags for English and German (CS)
- See shades of tincture in
- AMBASSADORIAL (or AMBASSADORS) FLAG
- See diplomatic flags.
Flag of an Ambassador, Chile
- AMERICAN WAR MOTHERS FLAG
- See service flag 3).
American War Mothers/Armistice Day Flag, US (Dave Martucci)
- ANCHOR FLAG
- In UK usage, a term for the flag of the Lord High Admiral, and one the three
masthead flags flown (since c1660) when the monarch is aboard a naval vessel
the Lord High Admirals or Admiralty flag but see notes below (also
fouled anchor and
Lord High Admiral 1660, England (fotw); Lord High Admiral
1685 1688, England (fotw); The Board of Admiralty
19th Century, UK (fotw);
Current Pattern, UK (fotw)
a) This office reverted to the crown in 1964 and HM The
Queen was, for many years, her own Lord High Admiral (the present incumbent is HRH The Duke of Edinburgh),
however, during the preceding two
hundred and fifty years the office was most often in commission and this
flag (or variations thereof) was also flown by the Board of Admiralty see
admiralty flag 2).
b) The three masthead flags flown when the monarch is
aboard a naval vessel are traditionally that of the Lord High Admiral at the
fore, the royal standard at the main and a union jack at the mizzen (see also
- 1) In heraldry, a coat of arms or charge formerly in use but now replaced
by another design which is then termed modern such as, for example, Austria ancient
and Austria modern.
- 2) In vexillology, a 16th/17th Century term, now wholly obsolete, for a ships stern mounted
ensign, or military colour whether displayed ashore or afloat - an anshent or auncient (see also
- 3) A 16th/17th Century term, now wholly obsolete, equivalent to, and with
the same duties as, the later but also obsolete army rank of ensign (see also
ensign 3) and
From left: Austria Ancient, Austria Modern (fotw); France
Ancient, France Modern (fotw);
Ancient/Ships Ensign, English c1590 (Pete Loeser)
- ANCIENT CROWN
- See antique crown 2) and
An English Heraldic Pattern Ancient/Antique Crown (Parker)
- ANCIENT SHIP
- See lymphad and its following note.
Jack of Trinity House, UK (fotw): Burgee of the
Aldeburgh Yacht Club, UK (Graham Bartram).
- ANDREEVSKI Ĭ (ANDREEVSKY or AHNDREEYEFSKEEY)
- See St Andrews cross 3) and its following note.
Russian ensign (fotw).
Please note that Андреевский -
Andreevskiĭ with alternative transliterations - is the Russian term for their naval ensign.
- ANGLED POLE
- See outrigger pole.
- A ring-like charge in heraldry see ring 1).
Flag of Suraua, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Grahamstown, South Africa (fotw);
Flag of Middes, Switzerland (fotw)
- See ancient 2).
An Anshent/Ancient, English c1590
- ANSWERING PENNANT
- See code pennant.
Code/Answering Pennant in the ICS (fotw)
- ANTENNA FLAG
- A flag designed to be displayed from a vehicles radio antenna
- see car flag 2).
- ANTESIGNORY (or ANTESIGNANUS)
- A term, now obsolete, for the guard who precedes a standard (see also
Please note, it is suggested that the alternative form was
used in medieval manuscripts.
- A computer graphics term used to describe the technique of giving low resolution flag
illustrations a smoother appearance by colouring pixels at the border between two differently
coloured surfaces with intermediate shades.
- ANTICIPATORY FLAG
- 1) A newly introduced term for a flag that displays (for patriotic or commercial
reasons) any symbol or symbolism prior to official authorization.
- 2) See flag of pretence.
39 Star Flag of The United States 1839 (fotw)
Please note that the 39 star of the United States, for example (and illustrated
above), displays a symbol in advance of any official authorization, whereas a flag of
pretence, for example the national flag of Comoros or naval ensign of Bolivia, shows
one more star than they have provinces under their control.
- ANTI-HERALDRY (or ANTIHERALDRY)
- A term used to describe the design of those seals and emblems which do not contain
(and may have been specifically designed not to contain) heraldic symbolism for example
the seals of many US states widely used on their flags, and the emblems of
most former Soviet-bloc states (see also
seal flag and
state flag 2)).
State Seal of Virginia, US (ICH); National Symbol of France (ICH);
Emblem of Soviet Russia 1956 1991 (fotw)
Please note that this term has its origins in a rejection
of heraldic symbolism and of all things having a connection to royalty or the nobility,
with prominent early examples stemming from the American War of Independence and the
- ANTIQUE CROWN
- 1) Generically and in Continental European heraldry see coronet).
- 2) Specifically in English heraldry, a type of coronet that is generally (but not exclusively) composed
of a circlet with triangular rays - an ancient or Plantagenet crown.
An English Heraldic Pattern Antique Crown (Parker); Flag of
Newfoundland, Canada 1862 1872 (fotw); Flag of the Citizens of
Guelph, Canada (Peter Orenski)
- ANTIQUE SHIP
- See lymphad and its following note.
Ensign of the Aldeburgh Yacht Club, UK (Graham Bartram)
- See attire(s).
Arms and Flag of Dra, Croatia (fotw)
- See attired.
Flag of Heiden, Switzerland (fotw)
- (n & v) A method of flag manufacture in which one or more pieces of cloth
are stitched on the field to form a design. This technique is often used where
the design on the obverse differs from that on the reverse but see
double appliqué and
single appliqué (see also
- APPOINTMENT FLAG
- 1) In UK and some other military usage, that flag which corresponds to a particular
position held, rather than to the rank of the officer who currently holds it -
but see positional flag
(also class flag and
rank flag 1)).
- 2) See distinguishing flag 1).
Military Attachι, UK (Graham Bartram);
RAF Station Commander, UK (Graham Bartram)