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Dictionary of Vexillology: U (Uma-Jirushi - US Executive Order)

Last modified: 2014-05-10 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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UMA-JIRUSHI
See ‘Daimyo flags 1)’ and its following notes.
UNCASE(D)
1) (v) To remove a regimental, unit, service or national colour (or occasionally a parade flag), usually with the appropriate ceremony, from its protective case (see also ‘case(d)’ and ‘dislodging’).
2) (adj) The term used when a regimental, unit or national colour (or occasionally a parade flag) has been removed from its case (see also ‘parade flag 2)’ and ‘unfurl(ed)’).

UNDEFACED
(adj) The term used to describe a flag which may (and sometimes does) carry authorized additions, but in this case is seen without any such additions (see also ‘archivexillum’, ‘blue ensign’, ‘defaced’ and ‘red ensign’).

undefaced example defaced example undefaced example defaced example
From left: Undefaced - Reserve Ensign, India; Defaced - former Government Ensign, India (fotw); Undefaced – Reserve Ensign, UK, Defaced – Department of Transport, UK (fotw)


UNDY (or UNDE or UNDULATING)
See ‘wavy’ (also ‘nebuly’).

undy example
Flag of L’Aldea, Spain (fotw)


UNEQUAL TRIBAND (or UNEVEN TRIBAND)
A term that may be used when a triband is composed of stripes whose widths are not equal – but see ‘triband 1)’ and the note below (also ‘Canadian pale’, ‘Spanish-style triband’ and ‘unequal tricolor’ below).

national flag of Spain Civil flag - Dniestr Republic Horka I
From left: National Flag of Spain (fotw); Civil Flag of The Dniestr Republic (fotw); Flag of Horka I, Czech Rep (fotw)

Please note that a triband having a single narrower stripe (as on that of the Dniestr Republic illustrated above) may also be considered as a plain flag bearing such a stripe.


UNEQUAL TRICOLOUR (or UNEVEN TRICOLOUR)
A term that may be used when a tricolour is composed of stripes whose widths are not equal – but see ‘tricolour 1)’ and its note c) following (also ‘unequal triband’ above).

Colombia  Andorra  Albrechticky, Czech Republic  Cechin, Czech Republic
From left: National Flag of Colombia (fotw); National Flag of Andorra (fotw); flag of Albrechtičky, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Čechtνn, Czech Republic (fotw)


UNFURL(ED)
1) (v & adj) Generically, to hoist, break out or show (or to have hoisted, broken out or shown) a flag (or flags) that have not been displayed until that moment (see also ‘break a flag’ and ‘hoist 3)’).
2) (v & adj) To unwind (or to have completed the unwinding of) a colour or parade flag from its staff after it has been uncased (see also ‘colour 2)’, ‘furl(ed)’, ‘parade flag 2)’ and ‘uncase(d)’).

UNICOLOUR/UNICOLOURED (or UNICOLOUR/UNICOLORED)
See ‘monocolour’.

Libya unicolour
National flag of Libya 1977 - 2011 (fotw)


UNION, THE
1) Specifically in US usage, the canton of the US national flag - i.e. 13 - 50 white stars on a blue field (see also ’stars and stripes’, ‘union jack 3)’ and ‘union mark’).
2) Generically, see ‘canton 2)’ (also ‘union mark’).

[Jacks - US]
Canton of the National Flag/Traditional Jack, US (fotw)


UNION FLAG
1) Specifically in UK usage, a precise term for the British national flag when flown on land – but see ‘union jack 1)’ and ‘union jack 2)’ below.
2) Generically, the term that may be used when a flag symbolizes the political or economic union of two or more previously independent countries – for example those of the United Arab Emirates or of Malaysia, or that of the European Union (see also ‘union mark’).

union flag example union flag example union flag example union flag example
National Flag of the United Kingdom (fotw); National Flag of Malaysia (fotw); National Flag of the United Arab Emirates (fotw)


UNION JACK
1) A general and officially recognized term for the British national flag whether flown on land or sea – but see ‘union flag 1)’ and ‘union jack 2)’ (also (also ‘British flag’, ‘great union‘, ‘interlaced’, ‘James union’, ‘national flag’, St Andrew's Cross 2)’, St George's Cross 2)’, St Patrick's Cross’ and ‘union mark’).
2) In UK usage, a precise term for the British national flag when flown as a jack from the bows of a British warship, from a yardarm to signal that a court martial is being held, or at the main masthead as the command flag of an Admiral of the Fleet - see ‘union flag 1)’ (see also ‘flag of command’, ‘His Majesty’s Jack’. ‘jack’ and ‘naval jack’ under ‘jack’, ‘masthead’ and ‘yardarm’).
3) In US usage, the official term for the traditional US national jack, which consists of the union from the US national flag (see also ‘union, the’).

[Jacks - United Kingdom]
National Flag of the United Kingdom (fotw)

[Jacks - US]
Traditional National Jack, US (fotw)

Notes
a)
The British national flag is legally (when undefaced) restricted to naval vessels whilst flown afloat (see also 'civil jack', 'government jack' and 'naval jack' under 'jack', 'pilot jack' and 'undefaced').
b) US merchant vessels are not forbidden by regulation to wear the union jack as described in 3) above, but at the time of writing it has been temporarily replaced in naval usage by the design shown below – see ‘rattlesnake’.

[current Union Jack - US]
Naval Jack in current use, US (Graham Bartram)


UNION MARK
A symbol expressing the unification of two or more territories - such as the British Union Jack or the former Norwegian-Swedish Union Mark - either employed alone or as a charge on a flag (see also ‘charge’, ‘conjoined’, ‘interlaced’, ‘union’, ‘union flag’ and ‘union jack’ above).

[UK Union Jack] [Norway-Sweden Union Mark] [Sweden merchant flag] [Norway merchant flag]
Union Jack 1606 – 1801, UK (fotw); Norway-Sweden Union Mark and Naval Jack 1844 – 1905 (fotw); National/Merchant Flag of Sweden 1844 – 1905 (fotw & CS); National/Merchant Flag of Norway 1844 – 1898 (fotw)


UNION PENDANT (or PENNANT)
See ‘budgee pendant’.

[Union pendant]
The Union/Budgee Pendant c1700, UK


UNION STANDARD
In British military usage, a term for one of three such standards each carried by the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals - the Household cavalry - and the equivalent of a normal cavalry guidon or infantry colour (see also 'colour 2)', 'colours 2)' and ‘guidon 2)’ and ‘sovereign's standard’).

[union standard]
Reverse of The Union Standard of the Blues and Royals, UK (householdcavalry info)

Please note that the Blues and Royals (unlike the Life Guards) also carry a guidon in addition to the sovereign’s and union standards due to their amalgamation with the Royal Dragoons in 1969.


UNIQUE FLAG
A flag intended in design and usage, to be the only one of its type.

Please note that in East and Central European usage the ceremonial flag of a community is often created as a unique flag – see ‘ceremonial flag 2)’.


UNIT COLOUR (or COLOR)
See ‘colour 2)’ and ‘colours 2)’.

[Unit Flag]
Unit Colour of the 2nd Army Corps, 2nd Support Brigade, Greece (fotw)


UNIT DESIGNATION
The inscription on a colour that indicates the military group to which it belongs (see also ‘colour 2)’.

[Unit Designation]
Colour of the 103rd Field Artillery with Unit Designation, US (fotw)


UNIT FLAG
1) See ‘camp flag’.
2) See ‘branch of service flag 2)’.

[Unit Colour] [Unit Colour]
Unit/Camp Flag of The Royal Army Medical Corps, UK (Graham Bartram); Unit/Branch of Service Flag of The Transportation Service, US (fotw)


UNOFFICIAL FLAG
A flag that has (or had) not been formally adopted by the relevant authority, but is (or has been) exhibited by supporters or enthusiasts as representing a particular entity, institution or cause, as opposed to a design or type which is so authorized or for which there is (or has been) no authorized design – see ‘official flag 1)’ (also ‘de facto 2)’, ‘folk flag’ and ‘institutional flags (unofficial)’.

[unofficial flag] [unofficial flag]
An Unofficial “Scotch Union”, Scotland c1610 (fotw); An Unofficial Flag Showing 16 Stars and 16 Stripes, US 1796 (fotw)


UNREP (UNDERWAY REPLENISHMENT) FLAG
See ‘battle flag 2)’.

[unrep flag]
Unofficial Flag of USS Elliot (Sea Flags)


UPPER FLY (or UPPER FLY CANTON)
In vexillology a term for that quarter of a flag which occupies the upper fly - the second canton or quarter, or the upper fly canton (see also ‘canton 3)’ and ‘fly 1)’).

[upper fly]


UPPER HOIST (or UPPER HOIST CANTON)
In vexillology a term for that quarter of a flag which occupies the upper hoist, the canton - the first canton or quarter, or the upper hoist canton (see also ‘canton 1)’, ‘canton 3)’ and ‘hoist 1)’).

[upper hoist]


UPRIGHT
1) On flags a term which may be used when a charge or charges, that are more usually placed horizontally or diagonally, are shown with a vertical orientation (see also ‘pall’ and ‘pile’).
2) In heraldry a term that may be applied (in place of rampant or its equivalent) to the orientation of charges representing crustaceans or reptiles (see also ‘appendix VIII’).

[upright fasces]  [upright swastika]  [upright examples]  [upright examples]
Flag of Sankt Gallen, Switzerland (fotw), Fuehrer’s Standard 1935 – 1945, Germany (fotw); Arms and Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands (fotw)


UPRIGHT CENTRED CROSS
See ‘cross 1)’.

[upright centred cross]
Flag of Smiltene, Latvia (fotw)


UPRIGHT PALL
See ‘pall 1)’.

[upright pall]
Flag of Arilje, Serbia (fotw)


UPRIGHT PILE
See ‘pile 1)’.

[upright pile]
Flag of Merida, Venezuela (fotw)


UPRIGHT TRIANGLE
See ‘triangle’.

[upright triangle]
Flag of Minas Gerais, Brazil (fotw)


UPROOTED
See ‘eradicated’.

[Bukovany]
Flag of Bukovany, Czech Republic (fotw)


URBAN CROWN
See ‘mural crown 1)’.

[urban crown]
Flag of Cherbourg, France (fotw)


URINANT
See ‘appendix V’.

[urinant example]
Flag of Illhauesern, France (Ivan Sache)


US EXECUTIVE ORDER
See ‘executive order’.

[current US flag]
National Flag of the USA (fotw)


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