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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (Iberian Cross - Imperial War Ensign)

Last modified: 2015-05-16 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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See ‘cross of calatrava’.

[Iberian cross]
Flag of Puebla de Don Rodrigo, Spain (fotw)

See ‘mon 1)’ and its following note.

[Ichikawa si]
Flag of Ichikawa si, Japan (fotw)

1) (v) In heraldry a term for the marshalling (or placing) of two sets of arms side-by-side on a shield or banner of arms to indicate marriage or alliance – empale (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms 2)’, ‘dimidiated’, ‘entire 1)’, ‘escutcheon of pretence 2), ‘marshalling’, ‘point-in-point’, ‘quarter the arms’ and ‘quartering 1)’)
2) (v) On flags as above, but the images placed on a flag need not be arms as defined herein.
3) A term sometimes incorrectly used in place of transfixed - see ‘transfixed’.

[impaled flags] [impaled flags] [impaled flags] [impaled flags]
Former Flag of Overasselt, The Netherlands (fotw); Banner of the Arms of The Orkneys, UK (fotw); NY and NJ Port Authority, US (fotw); English Naval Jack – Royalist – 1643 (CS)

See ‘dimidiated’ and following note (also ‘impale 1)’).

Wodzisław Śląski, Poland Wodzisław Śląski, Poland Lehe, Germany arms - Kaly. Czech Republic flag - Kaly. Czech Republic
Flag and Arms of Wodzisław Śląski, Poland (fotw); Flag of Lehe, Germany (fotw); Arms and Flag of Kaly, Czech Republic (fotw)

The arms that represent an empire and its ruler - a type now entirely obsolete - but see ‘imperial emblem’ (also ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’ and ‘royal arms’).

Imperial Arms, Austria  Imperial Arms, Austria Imperial Arms, Austria Imperial Arms, Austria
Lesser Imperial Arms, Austria 1915 – 1918 (fotw); Middle Imperial Arms, Austria-Hungary 1915 – 1918 (fotw); Imperial Arms, Brazil 1822 – 1899 (fotw); Imperial Arms, Mexico 1864 – 1867 (fotw

See ‘broad pennant 4)’.

Tsar's broad pennant
Tsar’s Broad Pennant until 1917, Russia (fotw)

See The term for one of several varying designs of flag used in Imperial China up to 1912 (see also ‘dragon flag 1)’.

Chinese Imperial Flag Chinese Imperial Flag Chinese Imperial Flag
Chinese Imperial Dragon Flags c1890 (fotw and Ben Cahoon)

That emblem, now increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete, which represents an emperor – see ‘imperial arms’ (also ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’, ‘mon 2)’ and ‘royal standard(s)’).

Imperial Emblem
Imperial Emblem (mon), Japan (Wikipedia)

1) See ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’ and ‘imperial standard(s) 2)’.
2) In the plural and in increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete usage, a general heading under which all the flags, standards and banners relating to an emperor, or to the imperial family of any particular country or countries are listed (see also ‘royal flag(s) 2)’).

Japan Empress Flag French Imperial Flag Austria-Hungary Empress Flag German Crown PRince Flag
Standard of HIM The Empress, Japan (fotw); Standard of HIM The Emperor 1852 – 1870, France (fotw); Standard of HIM The Empress 1894 - 1917, Austria-Hungary (fotw); Standard of HIH The Crown Prince 1872 – 1919, Germany (fotw)

1) That flag, now increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete, which signifies the presence and/or authority of an emperor (see also ‘imperial flag(s) 2)’, ‘mon 2)’ and ‘royal standard(s)’)
2) In the plural and in increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete usage, a term sometimes applied to the flags flown by other members of an imperial family – the empress’s, crown prince’s/prince imperial’s standard etc.

Japan Emperor Flag   Russian Imperial Standard   German Imperial Standard German Imperial Standard  Japan Crown Prince Flag
Imperial Standard, Japan (fotw); Imperial Standard for Use Ashore 1858 – 1917, Russia (fotw); Imperial Standard 1890 – 1918, Germany (fotw); Imperial Standard c1880, China (fotw); Crown Prince’s Standard, Japan (fotw)

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