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Dictionary of Vexillology: H (Habited - Haurient)

Last modified: 2014-05-10 by rob raeside
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HABITED (or HABILLÉ)
A heraldic term used to describe the customary clothing (the "habit") of a monk or friar – habillé – but see ‘vested’ (also ‘clad’).

Münchenwiler, Switzerland Reith bei Kitzbühel, Austria Antunovac, Croatia Antunovac, Croatia
Flag of Münchenwiler, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Reith bei Kitzbühel, Austria (ICH); Flag and Arms of Antunovac, Croatia (fotw)


HAFTED (or HAFT)
The heraldic term used when the handle of a hammer or an axe/mace (or of a similar tool/weapon) is of a different tincture to its head – but see ‘hilted’ (also ‘barbed’, ‘garnished’, ‘shafted’ and ‘tincture’).

Curtilles, Switzerland Lhota u Vsetína, Czech Republic Alkoven, Austria Jordanów, Poland Jordanów, Poland
Flag of Curtilles, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Lhota u Vsetína, Czech Republic (fotw); Arms of Alkoven, Austria (ICH); Flag and Arms of Jordanów, Poland (fotw)


HALBRUNDSCHILD
The German term for a round-bottomed shield - see 'Spanish-style shield'.

Halbrundschild


HALF MAST (or HALF STAFF) A FLAG
(v & adj) To fly a flag at a point below its normal position, with the upper edge of the flag about a third of the length of the flag pole, or at least a flag’s width, from the truck, as a sign of mourning (see also ‘dip, at the’, ‘draping’, ‘flag pole’, ‘full mast’, ‘length’ and ‘truck’).

Please note that a flag should, if the proper procedure is followed, be first raised right up to the truck before being lowered to its half-mast position, and raised once again to the truck before being lowered completely.


HALF MOON
A term sometimes (inaccurately) used in place of crescent – see ‘crescent 1)’.

Comoros Islands
National Flag of the Comoros Islands 1963 – 1975 (fotw)


HALO
See ‘nimbus

Koprivnicko-Ivanec, Croatia Koprivnicko-Ivanec, Croatia
Flag and Arms of Koprivničko-Ivanec, Croatia (Željko Heimer)


HALYARD
A length of thin rope or cable by means of which flags might be hoisted and lowered on a flag pole, mast or yardarm (see also ‘Appendix I’, ‘flag pole’, ‘mast’ and ‘yardarm’).

HAMBURGIAN CORONET
A specific form of the mural crown and related directly to the city of Hamburg, Germany – see ‘mural crown 1)

mural crown
Klaus-Michael Schneider)


HANDGUARD
In Spanish military usage and possibly some others, a metal guard fixed to the staff of a military colour so as to protect the bearer’s right hand (originally in combat) – a gardamano (see also ‘colour 2)’, ‘colours 2)’ and ‘staff 2)’).

British North Borneo Company
A Handguard According to Spanish Regulations (Reglamento de Banderas Actualizado)


HANDLED (or HANDLE)
A term sometimes used to describe the hilt and pommel of a sword or dagger and the haft of a hammer, axe or other tool – but see ‘hafted’ and ‘hilted’ (also ‘shafted’).

Drahenice, Czech Republic Drahenice, Czech Republic
Arms and Flag of Drahenice, Czech Republic (fotw)


HANDSCHYNIE
A Scottish term, now obsolete, for a miniature square banner.

HANDSIGNE
A 16th/17th Century variant spelling, now obsolete, of ensign – see ‘ensign 1)’ and ‘ensign 4)’ (also 'ancient 2)').

Handsigne
Handsigne/Ensign, English c1590 (fotw)


HANDWAVER (or HANDFLAG)
A small flag, usually made of either fabric or paper, fitted to a short stick and intended to be waved by hand (see also ‘flaglet’ and ‘table flag’).

HANGING FLAG
A long vertically orientated flag - originally of Germanic origin and now characteristic of both German speaking and other Central European countries – a vertical flag - it is square-ended or swallow tailed, usually consists of the main flag charge and livery colours (with its first or main colour next to the head of the pole) and is specifically designed to be hung by its top edge from a horizontal pole attached to a building - not to be confused with the banner as defined herein and the similar (but usually shorter and more elaborately designed) gonfalon (see also ‘banner 2)’, ‘bannerhead’, ‘flag charge’, ‘gonfalon 1)’, ‘inner edge’, ‘livery colours’, ‘outer edge’, ‘outrigger flag’, ‘rotated’ and ‘vertically hoisted flag 1)’).
hanging flag - Weilrod, Germany  hanging flag - Weilrod, Germany

The Flag and Hanging Flag of Cozwig/Anhalt, Germany (Jorg Majewski)

Please note, the Editors have adopted strict German vexillological practice in that they have drawn a precisely defined distinction between a hanging flag and a banner, with such differences lying in both the method of suspension and in the orientation of the stripes, please note also however, that this may not necessarily apply in all cases.


HANSEATENKREUZ
See ‘Hanseatic cross’.

Wappäus house flag, Germany
House Flag of G.H. Wappäus c1840, Hamburg (fotw)


HANSEATIC CROSS (or HANSA CROSS)
The term – and a direct translation of the German Hanseatenkreuz - for a war war service medal issued by the former Hanseatic cities of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen from 1915 - 1918, and which is sometimes used to describe a red, cross pattée of Germanic, particularly (but not exclusively) Hanseatic origin – see ‘cross pattée’ in ‘appendix VIII’ (also ‘cross 2)’ and ‘iron cross’).

Hanseatic crosses German Society for Rescuing the Shipwrecked Vegesack, Bremen, Germany
From left: The Hanseatic Crosses of Hamburg, Lübeck and Bremen (Hanseatic Cities), Flag of the German Society for Rescuing the Shipwrecked (fotw), The Arms of Vegesack, Bremen, Germany (CS)

Notes
a)
The above terms should only be used when the cross pattée being described is red and/or is of a Hanseatic origin.
b) Information suggests that this term (describing a cross as defined above) dates from the early 19th century and the formation of volunteer corps from the former Hanseatic cities who took such a cross as one of their emblems.

Hamburg Citizen’s Militia 1814 – 1858
Flag of the Hamburg Citizen’s Militia 1814 – 1858 (Klaus-Michael Schneider)


HARNYSED (or HARNESSED)
The heraldic term used when a human figure is clad in armour – but see ‘vambraced’ (also ‘armoured’ and ‘armed 2)’.

Collex-Bossy, Switzerland Šentjur pri Celju State flag of Lithuania
Flag of Collex-Bossy, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Šentjur pri Celju, Slovenia (fotw); State Flag of Lithuania (fotw)


HATA-SASHIMONO
See ‘daimyo flags’.

HATCHING
1) In heraldry, a widely employed system of lines, dots and slashes used to indicate tinctures on a monochrome illustration – the Petra Santa method (see also ‘appendix III’ and ‘monochrome 1)’).
2) In vexillology, as 1) above but also used randomly to give a textural appearance to certain charges (see also ‘charge 1)’).

helmet
From left: Gules, Azure, Vert. Purpure, Sable, Or and Argent

Please note with regard to 1) that this method of depicting tinctures on a black and white illustration was created in 1638, however, it is suggested that a glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted if full details are required.


HATCHMENT
See ‘achievement 2)’.

helmet
Hatchment/Achievement of Arms of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)


HAURIENT
See ‘appendix V’.

fish haurient
Flag of Figaró-Montmany, Spain (fotw)


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