Last modified: 2014-11-22 by rick wyatt
Keywords: united states | forster | knight |
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obverse image by Rick Wyatt, 18 July 2001 / reverse side by Pete Loeser, 15 November 2014
The Forster Flag (1775), as depicted on the postage stamp, is red bearing six white stripes in the canton. The original is in the collection of the Flag Heritage Foundation; it was supposedly a British Regimental color captured on April 19, 1775 - the first day of the American Revolution. Later the canton was cut out and the white areas were cut into the strips, six on the obverse and seven on the reverse (13 in all).
Dave Martucci, 17 February 1998
Like many traditions, this one is probably wrong or considerably corrupted. I don't think the British Army lost any Colours that day, and none of the regiments present carried a purple (or similar colour) Colour. If the field colour
is meant to be originally red (rather than purple or some similar shade), that is not possible, because regiments with red facings carried a Regimental Colour that was white with a red cross throughout (St. George). It would also have required even more surgery to remove the central device. If the flag were considerably reduced in size, this would be possible by patching the centre with pieces cut from the sides. Perhaps the flag was seized from the armoury of a loyal Militia unit (those flags were not regulated), and then altered. Or perhaps a Militia unit at Lexington (they were British Militia until that day) altered their own Colours shortly afterwards!
T.F. Mills, 12 March 2001
The flank companies of the 59th Foot, who has purple facings, were present at Lexington and Bunker Hill. The regiment had moved to Boston in 1772, and shipped out for England to recruit not long after the battle.
It still sounds unlikely that it is British, since colours at that time were painted not embroidered, so it would not be easy to remove the Union canton and central devices. I don't think the flank companies would take the colours with them if the remainder of the regiment stayed in Boston. But of course, never say 'never' !
Foster, by the way, was Major Israel Foster, a Massachusetts officer. The flag was in his family for many years.
Ian Sumner, 12 March 2001
"Flags to Color from the American Revolution." lists this one as "The Forster-Knight Flag," and the colors are listed as "The field is crimson and the bars are off-white (buff)."
There is no indication of why the flag is called the Forster-Knight flag. It may be named after the family who has held the flag in their possession for the past two centuries.
Randy Young, 12 March 2001