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Khotyn (Chernivtsi, Ukraine)


Last modified: 2011-03-18 by andrew weeks
Keywords: chernivtsi | chernovicy | khotyn | hotin | fortress | tower | crescent | sabre | cross |
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by Ivan Sarajcic, 23 January 2000

See also:

The Gonfalon

Hotin is Ukrainian town in Bessarabia which adopted armorial achievement and banner. The Author is Vladimir Denisov according to "Znak" - Paper of the Ukrainian Heraldry Society .
Ivan Sarajcic, 23 January 2000

Unless I'm completely wrong, Bessarabia (aka Dobrudja?) is in the Danube delta, while Chernivtsi lies much to the north, in the Carpathian mountains, near the meeting point of Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Moldavia, Rumania and Ukraine...
Antonio Martins, 25 January 2000

The Danish encyclopaedia says (in part): "Area by the Black Sea [not really] between the rivers Prut and Dniestr [exactly], approx 45000 km2."
"... with the military defeat in 1945, Bessarabia was once more assigned to the Soviet union. Administratively, the northernmost and the two southernmost provinces were added to the Ukraine, while the larger and central part of Bessarabia was the core of the Moldavian SSR, ..."
I found Khotin in my Bordas Atlas Geographique. It is on the upper Dniestr.
So, no. Bessarbia is not Dobrudja. Dobrudja is south of the Danube.
Ole Andersen , 25 January 2000

And that's exactly where Hotin also lies. It was spot of heavy Ottoman-Polish fights in 17th and 18th century. Search for Hotin north - northwest of northernmost Roumanian border.
Velid Jerlagic, 25 January 2000

Khotyn or Khotin or Hotin is part of Chernivtsi oblast. It is northeast of the Bukovina region and northwest (but not part of) Bessarabia.
'Town, southwest Ukraine, on right bank of the Dniestr, 48 km northeast of Chernovtsy; pop. (1959) 10,319; formerly in Bessarabia; a former military post at a much-used crossing of the Dniestr. In medieval times a Genoese colony (so it should have a gonfalone, no?); belonged successively to Moldavians, Poles, Russians, Turks and Romanians; scene of Turkish defeat 1621 by Poles inder Chodkiewicz and Stanislaw Lubomirski and again in 1673 by John III Sobieski; seized by Russia 1739 and with Bessarabia incorporated in Russian Empire 1812; under Romania 1918-40; held by Germans 1941-44. (source: Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Jarig Bakker, 25 January 2000

From Ukrainian Heraldry web site :
"In March 21 1996 the session of the town council approved the gonfalon: a rectangular canvas with a ratio of the sides: 1:1. In a red field there is an image of white fortress with two towers with bunchuks above it, above a fortress there are two crosslike white sabers with a yellow cross above them. Four sides of the gonfalon have yellow edging with width of 1/10 of width of the gonfalon. The author is V.Denysov."
Dov Gutterman, 24 January 2000

Coat of Arms

from Ukrainian Heraldry web site

From Ukrainian Heraldry web site:
"On the 21st of March 1996 town council session confirmed a modern CoA - in a gules field on an azure base there is an argent fortress with three towers. On the central tower an or crescent with its points up. Above the fortress there are two sabers with their blades down. The sabers are in cross and there is an or cross above them. The author is V.Denysov."
Dov Gutterman, 24 January 2000

The City

From Ukrainian Heraldry web site :
"It was part of Kyiv Rus' in the X - XI centuries.Since 1459 it was under the power of Moldova and Turkey by turns. In October 1620 the Ukrainian Cossacks headed by hetman I.Sagaidachnyi and the Polish army defeated the Turkish army near Khotyn. Since 1812 it was part of the Russian Empire. In 1918-1940 it was under the Romanian jurisdiction. It became part of Ukraine since 1940."
Dov Gutterman, 24 January 2000