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Gotland (Sweden)

Last modified: 2014-05-29 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: gotland | ram | lamb |
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[flag of Gotland]
illustration by Jan Oskar Engene
The flag is a banner of the arms; arms granted on 15 May 1936.


See also:


Description

About the flag

The flag has a blue field with a white standing ram, horns and hooves yellow, carrying a cross staff with a red flag bordered in yellow and with five tails also in yellow. The current version was introduced by the National Archives of Sweden in 1990 and is in content identical to the arms granted by the king in 1936. A version from 1884 had an Agnus Dei instead of the ram. The image shows the flag as a banner of the arms with proportions 1:1. Real flags sold and used in Gotland are rectangular.
unattributed


The county of Gotland has the same arms, and thus the same official flag, as the province of Gotland. The geographical borders are also the same.
Elias Granqvist 14 August 2000

Blazon

Official Blazon in Swedish

I blått fält en stående vädur av silver med beväring av guld, bärande på en korsprydd stång av guld ett rött banér med bård och fem flikar av guld.

Blazon in English

Azure a ram stantant Argent armed Or holding on a cross-staff of the same a banner Gules bordered and with five tails of the third.
English blazon by Željko Heimer, 1 August 2001


Historical Information

Gotland is an island in the Baltic Sea. The island is historically one of Sweden's 24 provinces. All of these provinces (landskapen) have arms and flags, though there are today no longer any administrative institutions on the provincial level.

The intermediate level of administration in Sweden is the county (län), with the commune (municipality) as the basic level of administration. In the case of Gotland the territory of the old province, the modern county and the modern commune coincides.

Like most provincial arms and flags in Sweden, the one of Gotland goes back to the funeral of Gustavus Wasa in December 1560. At the time, Gotland was occupied by the Danish, a fact the Swedes had a hard time accepting. Thus arms were created for the island, signalling Sweden's claim to it. These arms were on red, a silver ram carrying a blue and yellow cross flag - the flag of Sweden. In 1570 Sweden ceded the island to Denmark, and the arms were no longer used. However, Sweden regained the island in 1658. At this time the island's arms were on blue an Agnus Dei carrying a silver banner with a red cross. It is possible that the old seal of Gotland (with the ram) was mixed up with the seal of the city of Visby. Visby's seal originally had an Agnus Dei combined with a tree of lilies (known from the 1340s). As a Hanse city, Visby had a German and also a Gotlandic population. In the 1340s the two communities were united. This was reflected in the seal: The lamb represented the Gotlanders, while the tree of lilies represented the Germans. Later, the tree of lilies disappeared, leaving only the lamb and banner. In 1945, Visby officially got arms with an Agnus Dei in red.

Currently, there are two official flags for the island of Gotland - one for the province and county of Gotland and one for the commune of Gotland.
Jan Oskar Engene, 2 June 1998 (revised)

Sources:

∑ Per Andersson: Nordiska korsflaggor, Mjölby, 1992 [and92]
∑ Clara Nevéus: Ny svensk vapenbok, Stockholm, 1992 [nev92]
∑ Knut Pipping and Leif Tengström: "Huset Vasa, Jagellonerna och Ivan IV Vasilievitj: Några hypoteser om de svenska landskapsvapnens uppkomst", Heraldisk tidsskrift, Vol. 5, No. 49-50, 1984, pp. 107-138 [p8t84]


Banner of arms in Paris

The coat of arms of the Faroe Islands is presented on the FOTW website, but no use of a banner of these arms has been reported yet.
A photo taken somewhere in Paris (place not disclosed), posted on 6 July 2010 on the "Parisiens sans frontières" blog, shows the national flags of France, Norway and Sweden, and a Faroe banner of arms.
<http://parisiensf.blog.lemonde.fr/2010/07/06/hissons-les-couleurs/>
Ivan Sache, 12 September 2010

This is not Faroese banner, but the flag of the Swedish province of Gotland.
Valentin Poposki, 12 September 2010

I think it is the banner of arms of the County of Gotland, Sweden, not of the Faroes. Not only the the attitude of the ram is different, as also Gotland shows a (kind of) Paschal Lamb, with a banner added to the beast, whose staff bottom end can be seen on the photo between the animalís feet. (I think this is the first time I noticed Ivan stating something that turns out to be wrong.)
António Martins-Tuválkin, 12 September 2010