Last modified: 2008-11-08 by ivan sache
Keywords: vojvodina | backa | banat | srem | st. paul | lion (yellow) | deer | tree: poplar |
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Coat of arms of Vojvodina - Image by Željko Heimer, 29 June 2002
The Parliament of Vojvodina adopted the coat of arms of the province on 28 June 2002. The coat of arms shall be displayed together with the coat of arms of Serbia, and is purely protocolar, displayed on diplomas, seals, etc.
Zikica Milošević, 29 June 2002
The use of the coat of arms of Vojvodina is prescribed by Regulation Uputstvo o bližem uređivanju upotrebe grba Autonomne Pokrajine Vojvodine, published in Službeni list Autonomne Pokrajine Vojvodine, 18/2003.
The Regulation prescribes who can use the coat of arms, when and how, and how to obtain the permission to use it in certain instances etc. The text refers to the 2002 Decision on the adoption of the coat of arms, Odluka o upotrebi istorijskog znamenja Autonomne Pokrajine Vojvodine, published in Službeni list Autonomne Pokrajine Vojvodine, 10/2002.
The 2002 Decision inclides a chapter entitled "Heraldic explanation" that claims that the coat of arms is based on the flag of the Zemun National Guard in 1848.
Željko Heimer, 14 May 2004
The three fields of the new coat of arms of Vojvodina bear the coats of arms of counties, then Hungarian and Croatian, granted in XVIIIth century:
The coat of arms of the Bannate of Temesvár is derived
from the oldest arms of the Hapsburg family, which
were "Or a lion rampant gules armed langued and
crowned azure". The arms denote the land as the
Emperor's personal possession (hence the lion, only
without the crown, and the colours, or and gules
reversed and azure excluded, or in its place), which
is situated at the border with the Ottoman Empire
(hence the sabre in lion's paw). The coat of arms is
nowadays used only in the part of Banat in Vojvodina.
The coat of arms of the part of Banat in Romania is partly based on it, too, "Gules over waves azure a bridge with two arched openings or wherefrom issuing a demi-lion or holding a sabre in its right forepaw". Half of the lion also appears on the arms of Timiş county in Romania. The part of Banat in Hungary is nowadays incorporated into the county of Csongrád and uses its coat of arms, which was amended (in the fourth quarter) with that of Torontál to denote this territorial change.
For the part of the three counties founded in 1779, only the coat of arms of Temes was partly based on that of the Bannate of Temesvár. It was granted in 1799 by Maria Theresia, and was inspired by the civic arms of Temesvár, the county capital. The coat of arms is "Per fess and in chief per pale, 1. Hungary Modern (double cross), 2. per fess sable a demi-lion rampant issuant or holding in dexter a scimitar argent and azure three wavy barullets argent, 3. Temesvár fort proper, overall a bar or inscribed sable II.J. M.T. (Joseph II and Maria Theresia). The three wavy lines are for three main rivers, Dunav (Duna), Tamiš (Temes) and Moriš (Maros).
The three white stripes on blue, representing the three rivers of Srem: Bosut, Sava and Danube. The deer that is resting on the ground is close to the poplar (topola) green tree. The tree changed though the history. In the original grant the tree was a cypress tree. The modern Croatian design prefered it to make it an oak tree, which is abundant in the region and is a kind of a national symbol. Similarly, poplar is connected to Serbia (the royal family stems from a place named Topola).
Željko Heimer, Zikica Milošević & Tomislav Todorović, 25 July 2006
Banner of arms of Banat - Image by Tomislav Todorović & Željko Heimer, 29 June 2002
The banner of arms of Banat was seen in a TV-report in
November 2003, during the campaign for elections for
the People's Assembly which took place in December
that year. It was used as the table flag by the Banat
Forum (Banatski forum), a regionalist political
organization, at a meeting their representatives had
with those of the Reformists of Vojvodina (Reformisti
Vojvodine), a political party formerly a member of the
DOS coalition. The table flag was hoisted vertically, with proportions 2:3, and the design was the same
as that of the coat of arms of Banat as shown in the coat of arms of Vovjodina. This was the only public appearance of this
flag which I have recorded.
The coat of arms of Banat currently has no official status except as the part of the coat of arms of Vojvodina, before whose adoption it was not widely known, just like the coats of arms of the other two regions, and it does not seem to have come into a widepsread use as a stand-alone emblem yet; the same is true for the banner of arms.
Tomislav Todorović, 26 March 2008