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Caldas da Rainha Municipality (Portugal)

Last modified: 2014-06-29 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: caldas da rainha | coat of arms: bordure | shrimp catcher | pelican (golden) | crown: open | coto | crescent: pints up | rose (yellow) | waves: 3 |
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Caldas da Rainha municipality
image by Sérgio Horta, 21 Mar 2007
See also: External links:

About the flag

It is an atypical portuguese municipal flag, with the coat of arms centered on a purple and yellow gyronny (city rank) background. The existence of a tradition of atypical (and “illegal”) representations may account for the fact that this coat of arms and flag are not yet made official, though they are in use for many decades.
António Martins, 21 Mar 2007

Coat of arms

Caldas da Rainha municipality
image by Sérgio Horta, 22 Mar 2007

The arms are those of Leonor de Viseu (1458-1525) as Queen-Consort of Portugal (1481-1495): per pale Portugal and Portugal defaced with a chief of Aragon and Two Sicilies. Flanking the shield two smaller shields argent bearing this queen’s and her husband’s badges Or: a pelican in her piety dexter (John II) and a shrimp-catcher.

The usual representations of these arms, both as the queen’s and the city’s, are simplified to have only one single file of castles on the central part of the conjoined borders, the whole arms being discribed as Argent between two crosses of five escutcheons each charged with five plates per saltire a pale Gules charged with five castles Or and on a bordure Gules ten castles Or (etc.) with the aragon chief reduced to a fesslet couped fretty Sable and Argent.

António Martins, 21 Mar 2007


Version without the coat of arms

Caldas da Rainha plain flag
image by António Martins, 2010

Plain (monocolored) portuguese subnational flags are not allowed to have armless variations: plain flags always carry the coat of arms.
Jorge Candeias, 18 Jul 1999


Presentation of Caldas da Rainha

Caldas da Rainha municipality had 51 403 inhabitants in 2001 and consists of 16 communes covering 255,87 km². It is part of Leiria District, traditional province Estremadura, 1999 ref. adm. region Ribatejo e Oeste, C.C.R. / NUTS II Centro, and NUTS III Oeste.
António Martins, 21 Mar 2007

"Caldas da rainha" means "queen’s spa" (or "queen’s bath") and the arms are not just canting about her, they’re her arms: Caldas da Rainha was chosen by this queen to build a thermal hospital, which is still open.
António Martins, 21 Mar 2007 and 22 Mar 2007


Commune flags

Coto Commune

Coto commune
image by Sérgio Horta, 08 Jun 2008

It is a fairly typical portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centered on a plain yellow background. Flag and arms adopted and published in the official journal Diário da República : III Série in 2000.04.28. The banner should have golden and red tassels and cord, and golden pole and spear finial.
António Martins, 08 Jun 2008

Arms detail

Coto communal arms
image by Sérgio Horta, 09 Jun 2008

The arms are Gules on a fess wavy Argent a barrulet wavy Azure and in dexter chief a rose Or leved Vert and cored Gules and in sinister chief a crescent Argent pointing upwards and in pont a shrimpcatcher Or. Mural crown argent with three visible towers (commune rank) and white scroll reading in black upper case letters "Coto - Caldas da Rainha". Original blazon:

Armas - Escudo de vermelho, faixa ondada de três tiras de prata e azul; em chefe, uma rosa heráldica de ouro, botoada do campo, apontada de verde e um crescente de prata; em contra-chefe, camaroeiro de ouro. Coroa mural de prata de três torres. Listel branco com a legenda a negro: "COTO — CALDAS DA RAINHA".
António Martins, 08 Jun 2008

The shrimpcatcher, an unusual implement, is Queen Eleonora’s personal emblem (1481-1495), in these arms it refers to the queen, important patron of the municipality seat and probably also relevant in the communal history.
António Martins, 09 Jun 2008

Version without the coat of arms

Plain (monocolored) portuguese subnational flags are not allowed to have armless variations: plain flags always carry the coat of arms.
Jorge Candeias, 18 Jul 1999

Presentation of Coto

See also:
  • Coto, in the English Wikipedia
    reported by António Martins, 09 Jun 2008

Coto Commune is one of the 16 communes of Caldas da Rainha Municipality; it had 1135 inhabitants in 2001 and covers 5,50 km².
António Martins, 08 Jun 2008

"Coto" means "stump" in Portuguese, though tihis might not be the etymology of the toponym at hand. Either way, the arms are not canting of this meaning.
António Martins, 09 Jun 2008


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