Last modified: 2013-12-05 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: palestine | popular front for the liberation of palestine | dflp | pdflp | popular democratic front for the liberation of palestine hawatme | map: palestine | kalashnikov | gun |
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According to Anders Jerichow's PLO – partisaner eller terrorister, Samlerens Forlag, Copenhagen, 1978, the Palestinian People's Liberation Front was splintered in three in 1969:
Ole Andersen, 18 Oct 2000
The splintering happened in two stages. First the PFLP-DFLP split – and to my knowledge the DFLP has never been known as the PDFLP – then the PFLP-PFLP(GC) split.
The PFLP was one of a number of parties under the PLO umbrella from the 1960s until Yasser Arafat signed the Oslo accords in 1993. At this point they left the PLO as they were opposed to the substance of the accords and formed a new umbrella group, the Alliance of Palestinian Forces (APF) to contest the Oslo principles. Although they and the DFLP, who splintered from the PFLP in the late 1960s, left the APF in 1996, they are still opposed to Oslo. The PLO is of course now moribund, having been superseded by the Palestinian Authority.
Maher Mughrabi, 11 Sep 2002
The Damascus-based Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-GC splintered from the PFLP in 1968 due to differences between PFLP head George Habash and Ahmad Jibril, who started the new group. Unlike Habash, Jibril was committed to armed struggle and rejected political engagement with other Palestinian factions or a negotiated settlement with Israel.
Funded and materially supported by Syria, the PFLP-GC committed several international terrorist attacks in the 1970s, including the bombing of airliners and Israeli targets worldwide. During the 1980s the organization primarily targeted U.S. and West German interests in Europe, although its fighters also took part in the resistance to the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon. Since the start of the second intifada, the PFLP-GC (now also supported by Iran) has primarily acted as a conduit to Hamas and Islamic Jihad cells in the territories, providing them with anti-aircraft weapons and other heavy arms. The organization has also unsuccessfully attempted attacks in Israel.
Eugene Ipavec, 29 May 2007
Briefly, two crossed rifles over a map of Mandate Palestine, with an inscribed ribbon below whose two ends are each a Palestinian flag (see photo).
Description: To the right of the green map of Israel and the territories is the Arabic word for "return," at the top is "sacrifice" and to the left is "liberation." Two rifles cross in the foreground; between them are the words "General Command." The rifles rest on a banner with Palestinian flags at both ends. The Arabic script on the banner says "The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine."
Explanation: The map's depiction in green symbolizes the group's intention to liberate the land it believes should belong to the Palestinians. The guns crossing the map represent the group's militancy and readiness to use violence. The Palestinian flags signify the group's nationalism.
Eugene Ipavec, 29 May 2007