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NATO - Cooperative Cyber Defence (CCD) COE


Last modified: 2013-12-18 by zoltán horváth
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[Flag of Cooperative Cyber Defence COE]
image by Zoltan Horvath, 26 February 2011

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A major cyber attack in Estonia that hit banks, the government, national ministries, the media, the police and emergency services in 2007 highlighted the importance of cyber security. To address this need, several countries came together to establish the Cooperative Cyber Defence (CCD) COE. Based in Tallinn, Estonia, CCD's mission is to foster cooperation, capabilities and information sharing between NATO countries regarding cyber security.
To this end, CCD uses several strategies, including cyber defence exercises, law and policy workshops, technical courses and conferences, to prepare NATO and Sponsoring Nations for detecting and fighting cyber attacks. CCD is also currently working on a Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts in Cyberspace, due for publication at the end of 2012.
Composed of experts from several NATO member countries, CCD also conducts research and training on several areas of cyber warfare. In particular, CCD focuses its research on four key areas: Legal and Policy, Concepts and Strategy, Tactical Environments and Critical Information Infrastructure Protection.
As Founding Nations, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Spain came together to establish the CCD in 2008. It received NATO COE accreditation later the same year. In addition to the seven founding countries, Hungary is a Sponsoring Nation. Turkey and the United States are in talks to become Sponsoring Nations in the near future.
Like other COEs, all Sponsoring Nations sign a MOU to participate in CCD. Although Contributing Nations are not parties to the MOU, they may work with CCD on case-by-case basis.

Its flag is white with its NATO-like emblem in the middle.
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Zoltan Horvath, 26 February 2011