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Assam (India)

Last modified: 2012-05-20 by ian macdonald
Keywords: india | assam | knife | ufla | ulfa |
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[Assam] by Antonio Martins using clip art from Royal Gurkha Rifles site

See also:

Indian states officially do not have flags of their own, except for Jammu and Kashmir. However, some unofficial flags have been reported:

  • Assam: red with two white Gurkha poniards crossed in the center
Jaume Ollé, 23 November 1996

I guess Jaume found 'poniard' as a translation of Spanish 'puņal' i.e. 'dagger' or 'knife'. If they are Gurkha in origin however, they must be the so-called "Khukri" (short, curved dagger). For an actual sample, see this site (left)
Santiago Dotor, 9 June 1999

[Assam] by Jaume Ollé

In Flags of Aspirant Peoples, a similar flag including a long white script is labelled "Assam [Asom] (United Liberation Front of Asom)". This is more likely to be a revedicative or separatist flag than an 'unofficial state flag'
Ivan Sache, 16 Sep 1999

The flag of Assam is very different. The crossed gurkha swords are similar to the one that shows in the Gurkhaland flag, but the position of the crossed swords in Antonio's image is correct.
Jaume Ollé, 1 July 1999

Asom Gana Parishad

[Asom Gana Parishad] by Ivan Sache, 19 April 2008
Source: Flag Report

Asom Gana Parishad is a ruling party in the State of Assam (in alliance with Bharatiya Janata) and the flag supplied by Jaume is the official flag of the party. Sometimes it is shown also with an elephant in profile, facing the hoist, on the white, middle stripe.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 2 October 2003

United Front for Liberation of Assam

[ULFA flag] image by Jaume Ollé, 17 April 2012

The old flag of ULFA became obsolete sometimes in 2006. The new flag was in the center of attention April 7, 2008 (29th Anniversary of ULFA) when hundreds were planted in Dispur, Guwahati and all over Assam. The Indian Police was busy tearing them down, only to see them replaced swiftly. ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam - Asom Sanjukta Mukti Morcha), in its own words, aims "to liberate Assam, (a land of 78,529, through armed national liberation struggle from the clutches of the illegal occupation of India and to establish a sovereign, Independent Assam."

The new flag of ULFA (and separatist Assamese) is a result of long and hard research work of Jaume Ollé and myself. And it is confirmed by the photograph taken on April 7 of current year.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 18 April 2008

United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) was formed on April 7, 1979 by Bhimakanta Buragohain, Rajiv Rajkonwar alias Arabinda Rajkhowa, Golap Baruah alias Anup Chetia, Samiran Gogoi alias Pradip Gogoi, Bhadreshwar Gohain and Paresh Baruah at the Rang Ghar in Sibsagar to establish a "sovereign socialist Assam" through an armed struggle."
ULFA has involved in several acts of violence, and is considered as a terrorist group by the Indian government.
Ivan Sache, 19 April 2008

Photographs of the flag are available in different Indian media, with some apparent variation in the flag design and proportions.
- "The Telegraph", 8 April 2008, which seems to indicate that the yellow stripe is twice higher than the green one. The rising sun covers only one half of the yellow stripe.
- "The Morung Express", 7 April 2008. Here the two fields seem to be of equal height, with the rising sun covering only one half of the yellow stripe. The proportions of the flag seem closer to 4:5 than to 2:3.
- "The Assam Times", 7 April 2008. The two fields seem to be of equal height, with the rising sun as above and proportions 2:3.
Ivan Sache, 19 April 2008

Trinamool Gana Parishad (Grassroot Peoples Association)

[Trinamool Gana Parishad flag] image by Ivan Sache, 19 April 2008

Trinamool Gana Parishad (Grassroot Peoples Association) is a political party in Assam. It came to life in 2000, after a split from Asom Gana Parishad. Its orientation is basically pro-Indian. Party leader: Arul Bora. It failed to gain a seat in Lok Sabha in the last elections.
Source: Jaume Ollé's Flag Report
Chrystian Kretowicz, 18 April 2008

The flag is horizontally divided red-white-red (1:2:1).
Ivan Sache, 19 April 2008