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Neo-Nazi and National-Socialist Movements (Spain)

Last modified: 2015-05-22 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: nationalsocialist | nazi | neonazi | politics | celtic cross | spain | cedade | eagle | torch | yoke | bases autónomas | ikurrina | letters: ha (black) | trident (white) |
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See also:

Spanish Circle of Friends of Europe

Círculo Español de Amigos de Europa (CEDADE)

[CEDADE (Spain)]
image from

This was probably the first "modern" European neo-Nazi organization.

António Martins, 18 Apr 1998

The official flag of Cedade was all red with a golden "lifelike" eagle (ie. unlike the German 1933 national or party eagle), holding a yoke in its claws and with a golden torch behind it. I am not sure about the exact proportions of the flag (I assume 2:3) or of the eagle within it.

Santiago Dotor, 30 Sep 1998

CEDADE was founded in 1966 and formally disbanded in 1993.

Marcus Wendel, 07 Aug 1999

A page about the CEDADE association and magazine shows a detailed image of the organization's flag, shown in that website as 3:5, a ratio not frequent in Spanish flags. Possibly a 3:5 swastika flag was used as template.

Santiago Dotor, 03 Jun 2003

Circle of Indo-European Studies

Círculo de Estudios Indoeuropeos (CEI)

[Círculo de Estudios Indoeuropeos (CEI) (Spain)]
image by Santiago Tazón and Eugene Ipavec, 21 Sep 2003 and 19 Mar 2010

Círculo de Estudios Indoeuropeos ("Circle of Indo-European Studies") is a national-socialist organization founded in 1997. It's not a political party, but a cultural movement, and it is legal and registered according to its website. The organization looks like a continuation of the disappeared CEDADE.

They use a "neo-Nazi style" flag: red field, central white circle with black symbol. The central emblem is composed of the joined letters "H" and "A," for "Hereditas Ambitusque," Latin for "Inheritance and Scope" (i.e., "blood and land"). Photos of the flag in use: 1, 2 [links broken]


Santiago Tazón, 21 Sep 2003

Or, in German, "Blut und Boden" – which sounds much more familiar.

Santiago Dotor, 30 Sep 2003

That's the usual fate of Neonazi organizations in most of Europe (at least): they start as "cultural" movements (usually with the same leaders as a previously outlawed Neonazi organization), and sooner or later they are disbanded for one or another excess in the pursuit of "culture"...

António Martins-Tuválkin, 21 Sep 2003

Interestingly, the "HA" monogram on the CEI flag can be produced subtractively out of a sun wheel (another favorite neo-Nazi symbol).

Eugene Ipavec, 19 Mar 2010

Nation and Revolution

Nación y Revolución

[Nación y Revolución (Spain)]
image by Tomislav Todorović, 24 May 2010

"Nation and Revolution" is an ultra-rightist party which contested the general elections in 2008 [1]. Its flag is diagonally divided, black above red, with a white trident over all in the centre [2, 3]. The trident has triple black-white-black fimbriation, and its shape is generally the same as of the one from the flag of Neo-Solidarist Alternative, a similar party from Belgium. The general design of the flag is borrowed from the Anarchists, a growing practice in present-day Europe, but in Spain it dates back to 1930's and the formation of the Falange.


  1. 2008 Spanish general elections
  2. A blog at the portal (image)
  3. ADN news portal (image)

Tomislav Todorović, 24 May 2010

Autonomous Bases

Bases Autónomas (BBAA)

[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by António Martins
[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 19 Mar 2010
[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 19 Mar 2010
[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 Mar 2010
[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 Mar 2010
[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 Mar 2010
[Bases Autónomas (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, 26 Mar 2010

The Spanish red-yellow-red flag defaced with a Celtic cross on the yellow stripe (#1, 2) is the flag of Bases Autónomas, a loose neo-Nazi organisation.

Víctor Godó, 06 Jan 1999

Both of these flags (#6 & 7) have Spanish backgrounds, but I'm not sure about the double-headed eagles.

Pete Loeser, xx Jan 2010

The coat-of-arms on those two appears to be similar to that used by the First and Second Spanish Republics (i.e. like the modern one, but missing the center Bourbon symbol of the modern coat-of-arms). This suggests they might be Carlist flags. The shortened Burgundy Cross is similar to the Carlist flag on FOTW, identified as the flag of the Carlists.

Marc Pasquin, Jan 2010

I suspect Marc Pasquin is correct in identifying the two flags as Carlist. The elimination of the Bourbon in escutcheon bears out this idea as does the truncated cross. If genuine, these flags would be worth a good deal of money – if they are real they should be in a museum.

Michael Faul, Jan 2010

The double eagle was the ensign of Charles I (1516-1556), Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. But the shield of that ensign was different, containing the blazons of other countries belonging to his empire, such as Burgundy, Flandres, Austria and Sicily; all those parts had been removed in 1938 by Franco. I believe that the burgundy cross was used by Carlists, but both these flags appear to be modern; I don't know if there are any Carlists left today.

The "Carlist" flags are probably retro souvenirs manufactured for tourists. I saw some of them and some more last November in a souvenir shop in Sevilla.

Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 Jan 2010

The design of the double-headed eagle (on #4, 6, & 7) suggests they belong to the Francoist-like group Bases Autónomas. Please follow this link to see some examples in Google Images. This group used to paste a lot of wall sign in the streets of Madrid in the 1990s, but I don't remember having seen any of them lately. In any case, these flags vary somewhat the typical design, which includes a celtic cross instead of the Spanish coat of arms.

As for the Scandinavian-like flag (#3), it was definitely used by this same group in several signs and stickers.

A. Parra, 14 Mar 2010

Apparently, the group Bases Autónomas used many flags in the early 1990s featuring both the double-headed eagle and the sun wheel. For example, see #5 above, clearly showing both features.

Pete Loeser, 15 Mar 2010

The black one (#4) is obviously neo-Nazi, but unless we have a clear ID of these last two (#6, 7) as Carlist, I think it might be more appropriate to label them "Generic Spanish Rightist Flags" – compare to this item, a mistaken version of the 1945-1977 national flag in contemporary use by shall we say nostalgic individuals. I think the two "Carlist" items are in the same vein; faultily made flags meant to remind of the Franco-era national symbols.

The strongest argument though IMHO for the the "random rightist mashup" theory is that the eagle is identical in all three flags, the two putatively "Carlist" ones and the explicity neo-Nazi one with the sun wheel – I don't think the Carlists had much of an ideological affinity toward skinheads and such, which is presumably the intended market for the latter flag.

Eugene Ipavec, 26 Mar 2010

National-Socialist Movement of the Basque Country

Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria

[Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria (Spain)]
image from, 30 May 2003

I've found this Nazi Basque flag that uses the Lauburu in lieu of the Nazi swastika. They call it "lauburu o esvástica vasca" (Lauburu or Basque swastika), and say it is the flag of the Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria ("National Socialist Movement of the Basque Country"). The site includes the construction sheet, and links to a page that shows more Nazi flags and a Basque CoA with the Lauburu/Nazi flag on top.

Francisco Santos, 30 May 2003

This party doesn't exist. The pages you are refering are made by persons unknown (there are some suspects whose identity I don't mention) to bring Basque nationalists into disrepute. Their contradictions are clear: they are speaking about Basque independence, but they are Spanish patriots.

Aingeru Astui Zarraga, 30 May 2003

I believe you are right, but somebody made a flag for it and published in a website. This is quite simple, and usual, in the internet.

Francisco Santos, 30 May 2003

This flag appeared in one of the most recent issues of Gaceta de Banderas [gdb].

Santiago Dotor, 03 Jun 2003

"National-Socialist Flag of the Basque Country" (Euskalherriko bandera Nazionalsozialista)

[Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria (Spain)]
image from, 30 May 2003

There is a further "nationalsocialist flag of the Basque Country" ("Euskalherriko bandera Nazionalsozialista") at the Gipuzkoa Nazionalsozialista website.

Santiago Dotor, 03 Jun 2003

Other (Putative) Basque Neo-Nazi Flags

Further images of (real or alleged) Basque nationalsocialist flags from The shade of red used on the second flag is probably unintentionally dark.

[Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria (Spain)]
image from, 30 May 2003

The "arrano beltza" (black eagle, alleged symbol of the early Navarrese kings) as it is usually shown on Basque independentist flags, i.e. on a yellow field, but with the black "lauburu" on the canton.

[Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria (Spain)]
image from, 30 May 2003

A NSDAP-like flag, red with a white central disc, within it the "arrano beltza;" black "lauburu" on the canton.

[Movimiento Nacionalsocialista de Euskalherria (Spain)]
image from, 30 May 2003

Basque "ikurriña" (red flag with white cross and green saltire) with black swastika on a small white square canton.

Santiago Dotor, 27 Jun 2003

The "Basque Nationalsocialist Party" doesn't exist. These flags are created by persons unknown to poison and to bring into disrepute Basque nationalists.

Aingeru Astui Zarraga, 28 Jun 2003