Last modified: 2011-11-27 by zoltán horváth
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image by Blas Delgado Ortiz, 28 February 2002
The flag of Universidad de Costa Rica can be seen at <www.ucr.ac.cr>.
Dov Gutterman, 21 January 2002
The Universidad de Costa Rica (University of Costa Rica)
originates in the Casa de Enseñanza de Santo Tomás (St. Thomas
Education House), founded in 1841 and transformed in 1843 into
the Universidad de Santo Tomás (St. Thomas University). Some 45
years later, the university was closed for political, economic
and academic reasons, but the Faculty of Law, Agronomy, Fine Arts
and Pharmacy kept on existing independently. The Universidad de
Costa Rica was founded, as the descendant of the Universidad de
Santo Tomás, by Law of the Republic #362, voted on 26 August
1940. The university was inaugurated in March 1941.
The university has today a central seat in San José, the capital of Costa Rica, and five regional seats: Occidente (Western), founded in April 1968 in San Ramón de Alajuela; Atlántico (Atlantic), founded on 22 August 1971 in Turrialba; Guanacaste, founded in January 1972 in Liberia; Limón, founded in April 1975 in Puerto Limón; and Pacífico (Pacific), founded in August 1975 in Puntarenas. The university is divided in five Departments (Arts and Literature, Basic Sciences, Social Sciences, Engineering and Health) encompassing several Faculties, themsleves subdivided in Schools.
The flag of the Universidad de Costa Rica was prescribed in Article 6 of the first Decree of the University Council, issued on 7 January 1941. The flag was horizontally divided white - celeste blue - white, therefore similar to the national flag used in Costa Rica in 1843, when the Universidad de Santo Tomás was founded.
The shield of the Universidad de Costa Rica was prescribed in the same Decree. The shield is oval, showing on a light blue field, in the background a mountain with the sun half-rising over it and in the foreground a sunflower with the flower turned to the sun. The motto "LUCEM ASPICIO" (The Quest of the Sun) is written on the orle below the shield. UNIVERSIDAD DE COSTA RICA is written on the orle wbaove the shield. The shield is surrounded by two laurel branches joining above the shield. This shield was already used by the Universidad de Santo Tomás.
The flag and shield of the Universidad de Costa Rica were eventually specified during the extraordinary session #4512 of the University Council, held on 20 December 1999. The flag shall be made of three equal horizontal stripes, celeste blue, white and celeste blue, with the shield of the university in the middle. The dimensions of the flag shall match the dimensions of the national flag of Costa Rica, as prescribed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; that is 1.2 X 2 m.
Ivan Sache, 7 February 2008
In a photo in a commemorative
service for former rector, the emblem is placed on white
Jan Mertens, 3 January 2009
image by Ivan Sache, 30 July 2011
"Universidad Estatal a Distancia" (UNED) was created by Law No. 6,044,
adopted on 22 February 1977 by the Legislative Assembly and published on 12
March 1977 in the State official gazette, No. 50. UNED is "specialized in
education using the means of social communication" (Article 1), that is, in
distance education and e-learning. In reference to other such universities
worldwide, the name of UNED can, tentatively, be translated as "State Open
University". UNED manages a network of 44 "Centros Universitarios" scattered all
over the country.
Source: http://www.uned.ac.cr/Reglamento/documents/LEYDECREACION.pdf - Law No. 6,044
The flag of UNED is prescribed by Agreement No. 492, adopted on 27 September 1983 by the University Council.
"As an institutional symbol, the flag of the University shall be flown together with the flag of Costa Rica in all the premises housing programs and activities related to the institution. The institutional flag shall be made of a white rectangle with two horizontal wavy stripes located in the lower part of the flag and running from side to side. These stripes shall be blue Reflex blue (lower stripe) and yellow 124c (upper stripe). They shall be separated by a small, white stripe. The logo of the University [without writing], in its colour version, shall be placed in the upper right corner of the flag.
The design of the flag and the elements that constitute it are specified in graphic form as follows: [colour drawing]" http://www.uned.ac.cr/mercadeo/bandera.shtml
The logo of UNED was designed by the watercolourist Roberto Cambronero, commissioned by Oscar Aguilar Bulgarelli, founding member and first Executive Vice Director of UNED. Interviewed in March 2004, Bulgarelli explained that the basic concept of the logo is a letter "U" represented as a wave travelling in two directions, upwards and outwards in different levels, therefore forming a disc including five concentric "U". The wave has no limit, emphasizing that higher education has been spreading since the creation of UNED all over the national territory and, through distance education, over all the sectors that could not have direct access to education. The logo shows the movement of Hertzian waves, recalling that the creation of UNED occurred with the set up of SINART ["Sistema Nacional de Radio y Televisión" - Radio and Television National System] as a complementary organ to the work developed by UNED. The upwards projection of the waves symbolizes the surpassing of mind by the means of knowledge and education. Accordingly, UNED promotes the increase of the mind of the individuals, of the institution, and of the Costa Rica society.
Cambronero explained that this concept emerged from investigations on the Hertzian waves, since he had been commissioned to design a symbol that would identify both UNED and SINART, which was achieved in 1977. He got the idea from the similarity between the "U" of "University" and the waves. The original emblem of UNED was a vertical rectangle, with in the upper part the "isologotype" of UNED [that is the wavy disk] and in the lower part the letters "UNED". The colors were yellow, for heath and joy, and dark coffee brown, for tradition. The logo was changed in 2007 for the celebration of the 30th
anniversary of UNED, with the blue and white wavy disk surmounting the acronym and name of UNED.
Enrique Villalobos, Head of the PR Office of UNED in 1983, recalls that the original flag proposal was slightly different, including a yellow sun, the silhouette of blue mountains and a white sky. The idea was to represent the emergence of a new university as a new sun irradiating culture and education. Blue, white and yellow, kept in the final version of the flag, are the institutional colors of UNED.
Ivan Sache, 30 July 2011
Colegio Monterrey was founded in 1956 in San José. A
Christian Evangelic college, Colegio Monterey was accredited in
2006 by the ICAA (International Christian Accrediting
Association), which has it seats in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
For more information see Colegio Monterrey
The flag of Colegio Monterrey is white with a red crown outlined in blue and charged with a blue Greek cross. The name of the college is written in blue capital letters below the emblem.
From the colegio web site: "The white background symbolizes the peace that goes beyond human understanding for those who follow the Lord's teachings - our King - who is represented by a crown in the middle of the flag."
Ivan Sache, 9 February 2008
In a photo at <www.ucr.ac.cr>,
there is a sort of gonfalon, white with coat of arms, apparently
representing "Liceo de Costa Rica".
Jan Mertens, 3 January 2009