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Domingos Martins, Espírito Santo (Brazil)

Last modified: 2012-02-10 by ian macdonald
Keywords: espirito santo | domingos martins |
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Domingos Martins, ES (Brazil) image by Blas Delgado Ortiz

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About the Flag of Domingos Martins

At is the flag of Domingos Martins, with the coat of arms on the same page. An off-centered cross of red, finbriated yellow, on blue, with coat of arms at the intersection of the arms.
Dov Gutterman, 2 June 2001

The municipality of Domingos Martins (31,824 inhabitants in 2010; 1,231 sq. km) is located in southeastern Espírito Santo, 45 km from Vitória. The municipality is made of the town of Domingos Martins proper and of the rural districts of Aracê (formerly known as São Rafael and Pedreiras, renamed by State Decree No. 15,177 of 31 December 1943), Biriricas, Melgaço, Paraju (formerly known as Sapucaia, renamed by the same Decree) and Isabel (formerly known as Santa Isabel, renamed by the same Decree). The districts of Marechal Floriano and Araguia seceded from Domingos Martins on 31 November 1991 (State Law No. 4,571) to form the new municipality of Marechal Floriano.

Domingos Martins originated in Santa Isabel, a German colony founded on 27 January 1847 by Luiz Pedreira do Couto Ferraz, President of the Espírito Santo Province. The colonists - 16 Lutheran and 23 Roman Catholic families - all came from the Hunsrück area (Prussia). Named for the patron saint of Crown Princess Isabel, the colony was visited on 30 January 1860 by Emperor or Brazil Peter II. A district of the municipality of Viana since 1878, Santa Isabel was made an independent municipality by State Decree No. 29 of 20 October 1893 and inaugurated on 19 December in Campinho, the seat of the new municipality. To escape malaria, the municipal seat was transferred to Santa Isabel on 26 June 1896 by Municipal Decree No. 19. In the next years, the municipality would be known as Campinho de Santa Isabel. Campinho was reestablished as the municipal seat by State Law No. 1,126 of 3 December 1917. The municipality was renamed Domingo Martins by State Law No. 1,307 of 30 December 1921 to honor the local hero Domingo Martins (1781-1817). The leader of the Pernambuco Revolution, Martins was executed on 12 June 1817 in Bahia, his last words being "I die for freedom" - he died without achieving saying "freedom". By State Law No. 3,219 of 21 June 1978, whose Bill was tabled by Juarez Matins Leite, the State Government is symbolically transferred every 12 June to Domingos Martins.

The symbols of Domingos Martins were designed by Pr. Arcinóe Antônio Peixoto de Faria.

The cross flag symbolizes the Christian faith of the inhabitants of Domingo Martins. The municipal coat of arms placed in the middle of the cross represents the municipal government; the yellow disk surrounding the arms represents the seat of the municipality. The arms of the cross represent the spread of the municipal power over the whole municipal territory. The four blue rectangles formed by the cross represent the rural estates. [If I am not mistaking, these explanations are the generic rationale behind several municipal flags designed by Arcinóe Antônio Peixoto de Faria.]

The coat of arms uses classical elements such as a Flemish-Iberic shield, three fleurs-de-lis and a towered mural crown. In the shield, the Pedra Azul* represents tourism. The shield is surrounded by branches of bean and grapevine representing the sources of income for the municipality. The red scroll is charged with the municipality' name and foundation date. - Municipal website

* The Pedra Azul (lit., Blue Stone) is a rock formation made of granite and gneiss, peaking at 1,822 m; its surroundings form the Pedra Azul State Park (1,240 ha). - Photo of the Pedra Azul flag

Ivan Sache, 16 January 2012